Tonsil

Tonsil


Doodlebrary

Doodlebrary

April 24, 2024

Tonsils are two small masses of lymphoid tissue located in the back of the throat, one on each side. They are part of the body’s immune system and play a role in defending against infections. Tonsils are most prominent in children but tend to shrink as individuals reach adulthood.

There are three main types of tonsils:

  1. Palatine Tonsils: These are the tonsils that most people are familiar with. They are located on the left and right sides at the back of the throat and are the ones most commonly associated with tonsillitis and other tonsil-related conditions.
  2. Pharyngeal Tonsil (Adenoids): The pharyngeal tonsil, commonly referred to as adenoids, is located at the top of the throat, behind the nose. Adenoids are not visible through the mouth and are often removed in cases of chronic infections or other health issues.
  3. Lingual Tonsils: These tonsils are located at the base of the tongue. They are not readily visible, and their role in the immune system is not as well understood as that of the palatine and pharyngeal tonsils.

Tonsils can become infected or inflamed, a condition known as tonsillitis. Symptoms of tonsillitis can include a sore throat, difficulty swallowing, fever, and swollen or tender lymph nodes in the neck. In some cases, recurrent or severe tonsillitis may require the surgical removal of the tonsils, a procedure called a tonsillectomy.

Tonsillectomies are commonly performed in cases of chronic or severe tonsillitis or when tonsils are causing problems with breathing or sleep, such as obstructive sleep apnea. However, this procedure is typically reserved for cases where other treatments have not

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