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Difference Between GD and FIR In India



April 13, 2024

In the context of India, GD (General Diary) and FIR (First Information Report) are terms related to the reporting of crimes or incidents to the police. Here are the key differences between GD and FIR:

  1. Nature of Report:
    • GD (General Diary): A General Diary is a record maintained by the police station that includes entries about various incidents, complaints, or information received by the police that may not necessarily involve a cognizable offense (an offense for which the police can take immediate action without a warrant).
    • FIR (First Information Report): An FIR is a formal written document prepared by the police based on the information provided by the complainant or someone with knowledge of the offense. FIR is registered for cognizable offenses, and it sets the criminal justice process in motion.
  2. Cognizable vs. Non-Cognizable Offenses:
    • GD: It can be used for both cognizable and non-cognizable offenses. For non-cognizable offenses, the police may not take immediate action but may record the information in the General Diary.
    • FIR: It is specifically for cognizable offenses, where the police can take immediate action without a warrant. Cognizable offenses are more serious in nature.
  3. Legal Implications:
    • GD: Entries in the General Diary may not have the same legal standing as an FIR. It is more of a record-keeping tool for the police station.
    • FIR: An FIR is a legal document, and once registered, it becomes an official record of the police. It is an important document in criminal proceedings.
  4. Investigation Process:
    • GD: For non-cognizable offenses or incidents, the police may initiate an investigation based on the information in the General Diary as needed.
    • FIR: The registration of an FIR initiates a formal investigation by the police. It is a crucial step in the criminal justice process.
  5. Complainant’s Role:
    • GD: In the case of a General Diary entry, the complainant may not have the same level of involvement in the process as in the case of an FIR.
    • FIR: The complainant’s statement is an essential part of the FIR, and their cooperation may be required during the investigation and legal proceedings.

It’s important to note that while these differences generally hold true, the specific procedures and practices can vary across different states and union territories in India.